Marine Turtles of India
Turtle is a cold blooded reptile species. They have a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs that acts as a shield for their defense. It has slow metabolism rate so it can servive longer without food and water. • Turtles are found in both fresh and salt water. • Most of the species of turtle are herbivorous but some species are carnivorous as well. How many species of sea turtles found in India? Five species of sea turtles are known to inhabit Indian coastal waters and islands. That is, the olive ridley turtle , Hawksbill turtle , Green turtle, Loggerhead turtle and leatherback turtles. • Except the Loggerhead turtle, the remaining four species nest along the Indian coast. • They are protected unde Schedule l of Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. • They have been protected in India under the Biodiversity Conservation and Ganga Rejuvenation programme. • The Olive Ridley turtle , Leatherback turtle and Loggerhead turtle are listed as 'Vulnerable' on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. • The Green Turtle is listed as 'Endangereed' and the Hawksbill turtle is listed as 'Critically Endangered' .
Olive Ridley Turtle
• It is the most abundant sea turtle in the world It is the most abundant sea turtle in the world When leg nesting females annually along Indian coast
• Adults are relatively smalle And diabetes weight is 45 kg.
• Distribution , they are found in the tropical regions of the South Atlantic, Pacific and the Indian Ocean.
• Gahirmata Beach and Rusikulya river mouth of the orissa are the two largest mass nesting sites in India.
• IUCN status vulnerable.
• It comes under schedule 1 of wpa .
They are largest of hard-shelled sea turtles and grow up to one meter long and weigh around 130 to 160 kg.
They primarily herbivorous and feed on seagrasses and the algae.
• They are small to medium sized Compared to Adele sea turtles
• These turtles are commonly associated with Coral reefs.
• Distribution is circum tropical Emma, Typically occurs from 30ﾟ North to 30ﾟ South latitude.
• The grow to The grow to Over one meter long And way around
• They are characterised by The large Add Powerful jaws
• The distribution is circum global. There found in the temperate and tropical regions of the Atlantic, Pacific, and the Indian Ocean.
• They are Largest turtle; Mature individuals can grow to 2 meter
in total length and weigh almost 900 kg.
• Nest on both tropical and subtropical beaches.
• Only sea turtle that lacks a hard shell.
• The most wide-ranging marine turtle species-important nesting populations are found inAndaman and Nicobar Islands.
• Leatherback turtle is the main attraction for tourists on the Andaman and Nicobar.